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Demand for gas

Choice of the development path of energy industry will affect demand for gas significantly. Besides general economic development, utilization of gas for monoproduction of electricity, CHP and substitution for fossil fuels (mainly for domestic brown coal) will be other important influences.

The analysis shows that the highest demand for gas in the Czech Republic will be achieved in the development according to SEP. In comparison to solutions from previous years, actual demand for natural gas is significantly higher in the Conceptual case study. This is due to reassessment of shutdown and commissioning dates for new nuclear blocks, and part away from brown coal utilization.


Medium-term horizon

  • Already in the medium-term horizon, the development of demand for gas differs significantly according to presented case studies. This is due to differences in achieving different degree of energy savings application, but also because of utilization of natural gas for electricity monoproduction and CHP.
  • The Conceptual case study counts on total gas consumption to be 110TWh in 2030 (CNG/LNG included). This is a 24% higher level compared to 2016. In the same category, the case study EU – Energy Savings the level is 102TWh, for the EU – Low-Emission Sources it is 111TWh.

Total gas consumption

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Long-term horizon

  • All case studies assume that demand for gas will grow until approximately 2040, while the smallest increase is anticipated in the EU – Energy Savings case study, which follows from the assumption that the maximum level of energy savings in general (i.e. including heat from district heating and electricity) will be reached.
  • In 2050, the Conceptual case study anticipates that the total consumption of gas will amount to 146TWh, which is a value comparable to that in the Distributed case study from 2016 study.
  • The comparison shows that the EU – Energy Savings case study is close to the values of demand of the Low-Carbon case study from 2015 study.
  • Both EU case studies anticipate a significantly lower increase in demand for gas, primarily due to the significantly lower anticipated utilization of gas for electricity monoproduction and for CHP. This is caused by limited utilization of natural gas in the low-carbon energy industry.
  • Utilization of gas for electricity monoproduction and for CHP will be the most significant factor in the development of demand for gas in the Czech Republic; particularly if it all goes like in the Conceptual case study.
  • Besides monoproduction of electricity and CHP, utilization of gas as reason of substitution for dwindling brown coal and utilization of CNG or LNG in transportation will be the most significant factors for development of demand.
  • The comparison of the last nine outlooks of demand for gas, which are carried out for the three most important ways of differentiation of the energy industry development (degree of emissivity, degree of decentralization and way of decarbonisation), it shows that demand for gas in the Czech Republic should not drop under 100TWh by 2050, and also that it should not exceed approximately 150TWh.